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#### Welcome to Einstein Relatively Easy!

This web site is aimed at the general reader who is keen to discover Einstein's theories of special and general relativity, and who may also like to tackle the essential underlying mathematics.

Einstein's Relativity is too beautiful and too engaging to be restricted to the professionals!

Have fun!

*"I have no special talents*

* I am only passionately curious" *

Albert Einstein

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## Tensors

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- Category: Dictionary
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Let us consider as we did in our article Introduction to Tensors the transformation of a vector **A** under a rotation θ of the coordinate system.

The components A'^{x} and A'^{y} of the vector A in the primed/rotated coordinate system relative to the components A^{x} and A^{y} in the unprimed/untransformed coordinate system can be defined as follows:

More precisely, whe have shown that the vector components in the new primed coordinate system could be written as below, and represent thus weighted linear combinations of the original components.

Using matrix representation and Einstein summation convention, we can equivalently write:

##### Tensors as a generalisation of vectors

Now let us generalize the concept of a vector by considering objects carrying more indices.

Imagine a collection of mathematical objects T^{ij} carrying two indices, with i,j = 1,2,..,N in N-dimensional space.

If the T^{ij }, which represent a collection of N^{2} mathematical entities** transform into linear combinations of one another** (exactly as the vector components do), **then T ^{ij} is a tensor**.

We thus can generalize the tensor components transformation as per below

That's all we need to know ;-)

## Geodesics from covariant derivative

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- Category: General Relativity
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A **geodesic** of spacetime is a curve that is **straight** and uniformly parametrized, as measured in each local Lorentz frame along its way.

If the geosidesic is timelike, then it is a possible wordline for a freely falling particle, and its uniformly ticking parameter λ (called *affine parameter*) is a multiple of the particule's proper time, λ = κτ + μ.

This definition of geodesic translates into the abstract and coordinate-free language: a geodesic is a curve P(λ) that **parallel-transports its tangent vector u = dP/dλ along itself**.

Now defining a coordinate system {x^{α}(P)), along with basis vectors** e _{α}** = ∂/ ∂x

^{α}, we can define the tangent vector u and its components

and thus finally the component version of the abstract geodesic equation definition becomes

CQFD

This geodesic equation can be solved (in principle) when both initial data x^{α} and dx^{α} / dλ have been specified.

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